Jesus, the Son of God
Passage: John 5:16–30
- The Son insists he has the right to do what the Father does. In particular, like the Father, the Son works on the Sabbath (16-18).
- The Son insists he is subordinate to the Father, but it is a uniquely defined subordination: his functional subordination is grounded in his co-extensive action with the Father (19-23).
- The Son insists that, like the Father, he has life-in-himself (24-26).
- The Son of God insists he is also “a Son of Man” and as such, he is the God-sanctioned Judge of all (27-30)
Subordination Texts in John 5
- The Son can do nothing by himself (of his own initiative) (19).
- The Son can do only what he sees his Father doing (19).
- Whatever the Father does, the Son also does (19)
- The Father shows the Son all he does (20).
- The Father has entrusted all judgment to the Son, that all might honour the Son as they honour the Father (22)
- The Father has granted the Son to have life-in-himself (26)
- The Father gives the Son authority to judge (27)
- The Son can do nothing by himself, he judges only as he hears (30)
- The Son seeks not to please himself, but the one who sent him (30)
This sermon owes a debt to D.A. Carson’s commentary “The Gospel According to John,” and my 20-year-old notes from a cassette tape of Carson lecturing on this passage.